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Why 80% engineers are unemployed in India?

Why 80% engineers are unemployed in India?

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A recent employability report by Aspiring Minds has found that over 80 percent of engineers in India are unemployable as they lack the technological skills required by the industry.

Engineering students in India have little industry exposure. Only 47% of students attend industry talks whereas 60% of faculty do not discuss how engineering concepts apply to industry.

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About 40% of engineering students report that their primary challenge is finding the right company or the most suitable job profile to which to apply. Their second challenge is that of passing an interview, followed by the challenge of securing an interview.

 IT jobs are not growing at the same pace as before, engineers are pursuing different kinds of roles that draw on their analytical/technical skills. The employment of engineers in these roles will only grow with time and it is important to see what the employability trends in these roles are:-

ROLE EMPLOYABILITY
IT ROLES
Software Engineer – IT Product 3.40%
Software Engineer – IT Services 16.25%
Start-up Ready – IT Services 3.74%
Associate – ITeS Operations Hardware and Networking 36.20%
NON-TECH ROLES
Design Engineer – Non IT 6.62%
Business Analyst – KPO 9.39%
Associate – ITeS/BPO 39.35%
Technical Content Developer 12.15%
Creative Content Developer 17.03%
Design Engineer
Chemical Design Engineer 8.11%
Civil Design Engineer 5.03%
Electrical Design Engineer 5.90%
Electronics Design Engineer 6.90%
Mechanical Design Engineer 7.03%

Around 90.92% of graduating engineers do not have the desired programming and algorithm skills required to work in IT product companies, whereas 55.90% show lack of soft skills and 65.14% lack cognitive skills.

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Approximately 55.90% engineers do not get a job because they are not soft-skill trainable in a short period of time.Within two years of the job In IT services company , the candidate will have to communicate with international customers. This makes English proficiency a very important parameter right at the time of entry-level hiring. To remain competitive in the job market, both colleges and students need to have a sharp focus on programming and English.

Main highlights about engineering from the employability report

  • Thus, only 1.7 percent of engineers have the skills needed to work in new age jobs.
  • The report provides the primary reasons for low employability of India’s engineers — only 40 percent engineering graduates do an internship, while a mere 7 percent students do multiple internships.
  • The report states that only 3.84 percent of engineers in the country have the technical, cognitive and linguistic skills required for software-related jobs in start-ups.
  • Only 3 percent of engineers have new-age technological skills in the areas which are booming now such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, data science and mobile development.
  • Only 36 percent do projects beyond their curriculum. Thus, they don’t always build the skills to solve problems in a variety of situations.
  • The subject is taught in a very theoretical manner in colleges — 60 percent faculty doesn’t talk about application of concepts in the industry and only 47 percent of the engineers attend any industry talk.
  • As revealed by the research, the Knowledge Process Outsourcing (KPO) industry is likely to find only 9 out of every 100 engineers employable for analytics roles

This report is based on a sample of more than 170,000 engineering students from 750+ engineering colleges across multiple Indian states by Aspiring Minds.

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