While India is in the race of becoming one of the fastest growing nations in the world the quality of engineering education plays a spoilsport.
India is facing a problem of substandard engineering education.
Except IITs and other tier 1 institutes most engineering colleges are unable to provide engineering education to their students that would get them suitable jobs.
The basic problem is widespread of low quality engineering colleges across the country.
Students fail to get suitable jobs , hence the colleges face decline in enrollment and as a result a large number of these colleges are shut down.
It is a lose-lose situation for everyone.
This vicious cycle is already begining to show it’s impact on the engineering seats this year.
There will be around 80,000 less seats in engineering this year in the country. This will lead to around 3.1 lakh seats less in four years. According to the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), nearly 200 ‘substandard’ engineering colleges have applied for closure.
Since 2016, the number of engineering seats has been on the decline. According to AICTE, it is around 75,000 annually. In 2016-17, total intake capacity at undergraduate level was 15,71,220, of which total enrolment was 7,87,127, which is just around 50.1 per cent. In 2015-16, total intake was 16,47,155, of which enrolment was 8,60,357, which was 52.2 per cent.
Nearly 150 colleges are shut down every year due to stricter AICTE rules.
According to the rules of AICTE, colleges which do not have the proper infrastructure and report less than 30% admissions for 5 consecutive years will have to be shut down.
More than 400 colleges have been closed between 2014 and 2018.
Why do students fail to get jobs?
According to a study by The Aspiring Minds only 4.77 per cent candidates could write the correct logic for a programme which is a bare minimum requirement for any programming job. More than 36,000 engineering students form IT-related branches of over 500 colleges took Automata which is a Machine Learning based assessment of software development skills—and more than 60% could not even write code that compiles. Only 1.4 per cent could write functionally correct and efficient code.
The study also states that for roles such as mechanical design engineer and civil engineer stood at 5.55 per cent and 6.48 per cent respectively. The lowest employability percentage was for the chemical design engineer role at 1.64 per cent. Employability in the domain-specific roles was the highest for electronics engineers at 7.07 per cent.
Mckinsey had predicted this crisis more than a decade ago when it said that only a quarter of engineers in India are actually employable.
The demand for engineering graduates is far less as compared to the supply.
This was also predicted by a UR Rao committee formed by the government way back in 2003.The UR Rao committee found that though technical or engineering education is expanding rapidly but it will not sustain in the long run.
The prediction stands true today.
In 2016-17 half of the 15.5 BE/Btech seats were vacant in 3291 engineering colleges.